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List this Seller's Books. Payment Methods accepted by seller. Bookseller: J. AbeBooks Bookseller Since: March 22, Stock Image. Published by Osprey Publishing, Used Condition: Fine Soft cover. Save for Later. From J. Each gun has its own section, detailing its development and its career in the Regiment at home and overseas. Special sections deal with the manufacture, and the organization and operation of the Regiment, and the mechanization of the artillery in the s. Publisher: Frontline: Publisher: Osprey: Men at Arms Paperback; very good in yellowed card covers.

Elite 2. Paperback; very good in scratched card covers. By: Horn, B. Elite Paperback; very good in scuffed card covers. Elite Series Paperback; very good in faded card covers. First edition. By: Pitta, R. Paperback; dent to corners of pages otherwise good in scratched card covers.

Paperback; very good in yellowed and lightly scuffed card covers. Illustrated by Richard Hook. Publisher: Osprey:. Two paperback book set; very good in yellowed and lightly scuffed card covers. Published Paperback; dent to corner tips of pages otherwise good in yellowed and lightly scuffed card covers. Publisher: Spa Books: Hardback; very good in tatty, heavily torn and repaired dustjacket.

By: Francois, D. Jones, T. Publisher: Heimdal: The Corps have won ten vcs in all, five of them during the First World War, but the first as long ago as , when Cpl. John Prettyjohns led a section against Russians defending cave positions at Inkerman in the Crimea. Marines fulfilled many roles between and , serving as gun crews aboard warships, coxswains for landing craft, and even as crews for specialist armoured vehicles.

RM move through streets damaged by shellfire after the fighting ceased in Port Said. They wear Denison smocks; the left hand man has an Energa anti-tank grenade tied to the back of his belt; and in front of him the Bren N0. Special forces would be required for these operations; and Lt. During the war Commandos—the term being used both for the troops, and for the battalion-sized unit—were raised from both the Army and the Royal Marines; by late as many as 79 Army regiments and corps were represented. It was at that time that the famous green beret was introduced for Commando forces.

After the war the Army units were disbanded. The Royal Marine Commandos were retained, as was the tough course which all officers and men have to pass before they can wear the green beret. The Corps kept up all the historical traditions of the Royal Marines of bygone generations, including their dress uniforms, military music, and many barracks and bases.

The Royal Marine Commandos have been in action almost without a break since In they covered the withdrawal from Palestine. In —52 they were engaged in anti-terrorist operations during the Malayan Emergency, and fought alongside US Marines in Korea. In the first Commando Carrier was commissioned.

Between and Commandos served in Aden, fighting in the Radfan Mts. There were additional operational deployments to Kuwait in , and East Africa in From to the present day the 'Royal' has shared the soldier's burden in Northern Ireland. In 3 Cdo. The events between Operations 'Musketeer' and 'Sutton' spanned only 26 years, and several 'Royals' served in both. Jackson, QM of 3 Cdo. Air Sqn. Jackson of Y Tp. Vaux commanded 42 Cdo.

The Royal Marines < Uniformi - Distintivi < Milistoria

Vaux of X Tp. Bellas, MTO of 45 Cdo. Bellas of A Tp. In the Chaplain to the Commando Forces was the Rev. Peter Gregson— who had been a Marine S3 with 42 Cdo.


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Tom Powers of 40 Cdo. These veterans of a quartercentury of Royal Marine history would testify that the years between have been both busy and challenging. After the failure of various political moves the military option, Operation 'Musketeer', was developed with the French. A delay allowed 40 and 42 Cdos. The most interesting development was the preserve of 45 Commando.

The morning of 6 November 'L-Day', since 'DDay' was felt to be a politically sensitive phrase dawned hazy. Fires started by air strikes and naval gunfire left long stains of smoke across the sky above Port Said. Their objectives were the harbour basins which would be used for landing reinforcements from II Corps.

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Officers of HQ, 45 Cdo. They wear Denison smocks; and the blackened webbing which characterised Royal Marines from The advance was begun by P Tp. When B Tp. McCarthy and Ufton, were killed while leading their men in the unpleasant business of house-clearing. By the end of the day 40 Cdo. While 40 Cdo. There was some talk of a ceasefire when 40 Cdo. Mortar Officer produced the Egyptian brigadier commanding the garrison; however, the prospect receded when it became clear that this officer had little contact with or control over the local forces.

Peter Mayo, a 7 While certainly posed, this photo of Royal Marines checking a hut near Akanthou, Cyprus during Operation 'Turkey Trot', , does give some idea of the typical scene. They wear summer shirtsleeve order, and carry the N0. V SMG, and the Browning 9mm pistol.

Keystone National Service officer, recalled that his LVT was slower than the others; as it fell behind, it came under increasingly heavy fire. The RTR driver was hit by a. Fire from Egyptians was hard to locate at times, since some were dressed in civilian-style galabia robes. With military delicacy the Marines of 42 Cdo. Tanks were mixed in with A and X Tps. Their objectives were the Nile Cold Storage Co. Plant, and the Power Station. The LVTs were not fitted with armour plates, since they had been loaded at Malta for an 'exercise' as part of the cover plan for 'Musketeer'.

At the close of the day the Marines began to make themselves at home in their objectives, and to set out defences. Norman Tailyour, made a recce flight to check the proposed LZ it was obscured by smoke, and the pilot landed at the sports stadium.

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The Whirlwind returned quickly 8 after seeing 'the Egyptian Army coming over the surrounding walls', and the HQ staff were lifted to safety. They selected an LZ by the statue of De Lesseps on the western breakwater. Ten minutes later the helicopters flew in, with Sycamores and Whirlwinds from Ocean making an orbit to the left and Whirlwinds from Theseus one to the right.

At three-minute intervals they hovered about a foot from the ground to unload their troops. The men of 45 Cdo.

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The assault was made in four waves; thereafter the helicopters worked as an airborne ferry service to move ammunition and stores—a task which would be repeated 26 years later in the Falklands. As 45 Cdo. The same aircraft then proceeded to attack 3 Cdo. HQ under Brig. Madoc; and went on to make a pass at 42 Commando. The error was caused by an incorrect map grid reference given by the Joint Fire Support Control Committee, who were at that time still afloat. At the close of the day the FAA were called in by 40 Cdo.

It was pulverised by rockets and set alight, and yielded 20 prisoners and 30 enemy dead. The fighting around Navy House was the fiercest the Marines experienced that day. By nightfall the Bde. HQ was ashore and installed in two blocks of flats on the seafront, with the three Commandos deployed over a three-mile radius. With the declaration of the ceasefire, the Commandos were ordered to return fire only if they were attacked.

Even so, they conducted searches, and in the shanty town area controlled by 45 Cdo. The Bde. Sir Campbell Hardy, had made a thoroughly unofficial visit during 45 Cdo. The Royal Navy cruiser had encountered the Egyptian frigate Domiat, and signalled her to heave to. The Egyptian captain ignored this instruction, and as the Newfoundland closed to 1, yards the order was given to open fire.

Despite the heavy weight of fire from the British warship, the Egyptians bravely returned fire until their vessel capsized. Aboard the Newfoundland Royal Marines had served 6in. Evans and Mne. Waite were among those wounded by two 4in. Committed to taking the island, with its divided and mutually hostile population of Greeks and Turks, into a full union with Greece, EOKA waged a low-level war of murder, ambush, and bombing.

In retrospect the casualty figures and the level of destruction suffered 9 at various times over the next three years. Ian De'ath, 2IC of 45 Cdo. In riot control, the Marines abandoned the clumsy mix of riot shields, helmets and batons for fastmoving teams clad in gym-shoes for agility. Montgomery trained dogs for tracking, and led long patrols on the trail of the elusive terrorist bands.

Dogs would later be used again for tracking in Malaya and Borneo during the 'Confrontation'. The Commandos earned an interesting compliment from the EOKA leader 'General' Grivas, who remarked on the thoroughness of their searches. Men would be lowered into deep wells, and would patiently sift through refuse in farmyards.

In one instance they located arms and ammunition hidden in a monastery. In February , when weather conditions were so severe that two men died of exposure in a broken-down truck, 45 Cdo. Bailey, C Sgt. Higgins, WO2 R. Williams, C Sgt. Newton, Lt. All wear light khaki drill tropical shirts and slacks with the pale blue UN Forces beret and cravat. The UN badge is worn on the upper left arm above a small Union flag patch; the yellow 41 Cdo. Bailey the dark blue officer's lanyard on the left. Their impact on the British public can perhaps be understood better if we reflect that to the generation of the mids the costlier and gaudier horrors of Ulster were an unsuspected nightmare.

It was EOKA who first introduced the British newspaper reader to such novel forms of warfare as murdering soldiers' wives during shopping expeditions; and was assured of undivided attention, in consequence. On 6 September , with the situation deteriorating, 45 Cdo.

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By hrs on 10 September some 1, Marines were ashore with vehicles, and elements were sent into the Kyrenia Mountains. Different Commandos were on duty in the island 10 Mne. Limmer of 41 Cdo. He wears the DPM tropical shirt jacket, OG trousers, and the UN beret; a first field dressing is taped to the side of his 'pattern belt order.

That winter men of the Commando's X Tp. In May 40 Cdo. Flight to develop airmobile patrol techniques. During their operational tours on Cyprus the Royal Marines lost a total of 10 dead. The Corps would return to the troubled island in future years, this time in a more peaceful role as part of the United Nations Peace-Keeping Force which stood between the two ethnic communities.

With its own 'organic' complement of helicopters, the Commando Carrier formed a mobile base capable of deploying a battalion-sized infantry unit and its vehicles, with attached Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers. The Group could be landed by helicopter in two hours, and supplied on shore from the resources of the carrier.

HMS Albion soon joined 'the rusty B' in this role; and during the s one carrier was normally stationed in the Mediterranean and the other in the Far East. The Commando Carriers were born of the National Defence Review of , which also led to the reactivation of 41 and 43 Cdos.

Aden and the Gulf The Colony and town of Aden presented the Royal Marines with a mixed environment of Arab town and harsh desert mountains. In April , 45 Cdo. Not long afterwards, at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, the tiny state of Kuwait was threatened by its larger neighbour, Iraq. Bridges, had been working up their new drills and skills aboard HMS Bulwark; and 14 months after 45 arrived in Aden, both units were sent deep into the Persian Gulf to protect Sheikh Abdulla and his newlyindependent state.

The first wave of Bulwark's Commandos arrived by helicopter on the partially-constructed airfield. Brind, of 45 Cdo. RM, is prepared for lifting out by Scout helicopter after being wounded on 26 May Marines, and Navy helicopter personnel, wear typically informal desert dress, including the huge 'Bombay Bloomer' shorts, and suede 'brothel creepers'. Marsh, added to the traffic when they flew in from Aden in a mixture of Britannia, Beverley and Hastings fixed-wing transports. The two Commandos were quickly deployed to their main positions two miles southeast of the main road from Iraq—one of the hottest places on earth in mid-summer.

By 5 July the Iraqis were reported to be building defences, and the prospect of an attack by two of their armoured regiments receded. On 21 July 42 Cdo. The operation had only involved three weeks' duty, but in an extremely harsh climate and at very short notice—the first elements of 42 Cdo. Such prompt deployment had served notice of intent on Gen. Kassem's Iraqi regime, and no attack materialised. A bomb attack on the High Commissioner on 10 December put Aden back into the news.

From then onwards the campaign there fell into two distinct phases: internal security operations in Aden town, where two rival insurgent organisations called FLOSY and the NLF fought it out in the streets: and more conventional operations against tribesmen in the mountainous northern border area 11 of the Radfan. The Radfan was a punishingly desolate region of some square milies. Tribes on the Yemeni border felt free to exact tolls from convoys and travellers moving between the Western Aden Protectorate and the Yemen, and were encouraged in these depredations by the now-Marxist state to the north.

Operations aimed at re-asserting authority, and showing the Egyptian-backed tribesmen that free passage would be enforced, sent British and Federal Regular Army troops deep into the harsh mountains, especially the area east of the road to Dhala. In 45 Cdo. On the night of 30 April, 45 Cdo. There was planned to be an airborne landing by B Coy.

Hargroves, the Army Force Commander, to cancel it. In a rapid re-evaluation of the operation, Maj. Mike Banks of 45 Cdo. The Commando's X and Y Coys. After five full days in their positions, the Marines 12 received orders for a night attack on 'Cap Badge'. They moved south of the Danaba basin, and hooked to their left through the ridge feature called 'Gin Sling'.

At first light B Coy. Z Coy. Two men of X Coy. Farrar-Hockley, was rescued by Marines when his helicopter was forced to land near Z Coy. There were patrols and ambushes throughout July, August and September of In , as part of Operation 'Cut', patrols attacked an enemy position in the north of the Radfan about six miles east of Dhala; the position was cleared after a firefight and an air strike.

Patrolling continued; in one two-month period the Commando completed major patrols, and in some sniping incidents In contrast, these Marines on Internal Security patrol in Aden town during wear 'pusser's order': neat shirts, shorts, long socks, berets, and weapons secured to the wrist with the sling—a familiar sight in recent years in Ulster. In the rundown to withdrawal in the Marines were kept busy with patrols and road-security work. The port of Aden, meanwhile, had its own troubles, and 45 Cdo. Grenades and sniping made patrols hazardous. One alert young Marine spotted a package flying from a window, shouted 'Grenade!

A very frightened Arab was then arrested, but only for littering—he had just thrown away the wrapping from his midday meal. Fresh from the Far East, and still in olive green uniforms, they took up positions in the 'Pennine Chain' the ridge line to the north of the port and airfield and sealed it off from the rocket and mortar attacks mounted by FLOSY and the NLF. The British withdrawal from Aden took place at the end of that month; 45 Cdo.

RM prepare to hit the road back to base after an operation in the desert. In the foreground, a radio operator 'nets in' his A41 man-pack set. Marine landing craft hand who cast off from the harbour quay was probably the last British serviceman to leave Aden. There was an additional Royal Marine presence in the Middle East and Gulf from , when a detachment was put ashore to assist the Sultan of Muscat and Oman.

Tribes incited by the Imam Ghabia and assisted by Saudi money and Egyptian propaganda waged a small-scale war against the sultan. This was a war fought with modest resources, but was a useful training-ground for junior leaders. These secondments ceased in They were faced with the daunting task of training a Commando others were envisaged , and of establishing a Commando school. This ambitious project was later expanded; and by February some 1, Iranian Commandos had been almost completely trained at their base at Manjil, while at Bushire on the Gulf a Commando HQ, three rifle companies and a support company were 70 per cent trained.

The Islamic revolution of the Ayatollah Khomeini brought the programme to an end, and the Iranian Marines rallied to the new regime. Confrontation in the Far East While 45 Cdo. RM in the Radfan Mountains in Section commander, Cpl. Gibson; rifleman, Mne.

Sykes; 3. RL, Mne. At the beginning of the s the showpiece of Britain's relatively peaceful and harmonious shedding of her Empire was the newly-independent Federation of Malaysia, comprising Malaya, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak. Bordered on land and sea by Indonesia, Malaysia was seen by the ambitious and forceful Indonesian leader President Sukarno both as an economic threat, and as offering territories ripe for inclusion in the Indonesian sphere of influence.

More simply, Sukarno vowed to 'smash Malaysia'. Britain's continuing treaty obligations to the new federation brought all her armed services into 'confrontation' with Indonesia—the euphemism for what was in fact a jungle war. Limbang The curtain-raiser to this campaign took place in the tiny oil- and gas-rich state of Brunei; though not part of Malaysia politically, the sultanate is physically surrounded by Sarawak.

It was here that a dissident group calling itself the North Kalimantan National Army seized key points, hoping to inspire a revolt which would lead to the creation of a new state including Brunei, North Borneo and Sarawak.

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The rebels occupied several towns; and at one of them, Limbang in Sarawak, they seized a number of British civilian hostages. At this point 41 and 43 Cdos. On 10 December the Commando's L Coy. Moore1, was tasked with rescuing the hostages. The Marines sailed up the Limbang River from Brunei on the night of 11 December aboard two RCLs—river lighters similar to landing craft, with ramp bows. The main objective would be the Limbang police station, held by the rebels, and probably their headquarters; its armoury gave them a light machine gun and three or four submachine guns in addition to rifles and shotguns.

The assault would have to be fast and aggressive, so as to give the rebels no time to turn on their hostages. The assault went in at first light on the 12th, supported by a section of Vickers medium machine guns which had been mounted aboard the second lighter. A Royal Navy officer aboard her, when asked by QMS Cyril Quoins if he could pull the craft out of line to give the guns a better fireposition, replied: 'Sergeant-Major, Nelson would have loved you!

Once ashore, the Marines faced a yard dash to their objective. Two Marines were killed in the leading craft, and the coxswain was wounded; Lt. Paddy Davis, leading No. But the police station was cleared successfully, and the Marines then moved along the river bank to the hospital area where the hostages were being held. Here the rebels sprung a quick ambush, and killed three Marines before fleeing.

The hostages were released. A local policeman, who had hidden for five days without food or water in the roof of the rebel-held police station, had overheard them saying that they planned to kill the Europeans on the morning of the 12th. Their deployments were as follows: 40 Cdo. The LMG gunner has the re-barrelled 7. Moore received a Bar to the Military Cross territory, with some in the 5th Division area which which he had won during operations against lay between Indonesian Borneo and Brunei, and Communist terrorists in Malaya during the around Kalabakan and Tawau on the east coast of Emergency of the s.

Lester and R. Navy personnel who had crewed the lighters were Barton, and stayed until the following month before returning to Malaya. The HQ returned to Sarawak also decorated. Some operations entailed patrolling mangrove the Gurkhas and the Queen's Own Highlanders, scotched the rebellion in Brunei; but the 'Con- swamps, rivers and waterways in Mk. Patrolling on foot required a very high standard of navigation in the thick jungle, and took a heavy physical toll.


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  • During their first tour 40 Cdo. The helicopter was invaluable for inserting men into the jungle and resupplying them A far less hospitable climate than that of the East African coast grips Mutla Ridge near Arhaya, Kuwait in These men of 45 Cdo. RM, whose deployment in record time deterred an Iraqi invasion, are suffering one of the hottest summer temperatures on the face of the earth.

    RM back from their successful rescue mission to Limbang approaches a jetty at Brunei Town. Royal Navy pilots continued to enjoy an excellent reputation for flying in poor weather and visibility to remote and hazardous LZs to extract men who had been patrolling in one of the most fatiguing climates in the world. In some areas sand-bagged positions were built close to the Indonesian border, and used as a base for patrols. From these bases the Marines were able to intercept Indonesians as they withdrew after incursions into Malaysia. Rats infested these jungle 'keeps' in huge numbers.

    One quartermaster was informed that the quantity of rat poison that he had received was the stipulated amount for a unit of battalion strength. With admirable restraint he signalled back to the idiot in Singapore who had made this statement: 'Personnel to strength. Rats in excess of nominal roll. It is an 'open secret' that crossborder operations were also conducted. Throughout the nights of 17 and 21—23 August Indonesian raiders led by regular troops attacked the kampong of Gumbang, only yards inside the border.

    Defended by a rifle section from L Coy. Alastair Mackie, and a section of locally-recruited Border Scouts, the position beat off every attack; and on the night of the 23rd the garrison sortied to place an ambush which caught 60 raiders on their way to the village. In February , L Coy. In a deadly game of hide-and-seek they killed five of the enemy, wounded seven, and captured four, including the regular army NCO who was leading the platoon. The rest of the group was thought to have recrossed the border, but it was suspected that they might have moved into the Sempadi Forest Reserve between Lundu and Kuching.

    Within a few days their presence was confirmed by the sighting of strange lights to the north of L Coy. The hunt which followed developed into a 'paper-chase' along a trail of discarded enemy ration packs and sweet wrappers. A mixed force of Marines and Gurkhas under Lts. Ashdown and Kakraprasad located an enemy camp on 6 March. As the assault was being prepared, an Indonesian emerged from the camp to fill his water-bottle, and was shot.

    A fierce fire-fight developed, and the enemy withdrew leaving a casualty and a ton of equipment, weapons and ammunition. More Wounded Marines from the Limbang action await unloading from the lighter. Oakley 17 troop commanders and section leaders. On 31 December a four-man patrol from 40 Cdo.

    In March , almost at the end of the campaign, 42 Cdo. Ian Clark, a personal friend of the editor of this series; a fine officer, he left a bride of less than a year expecting the child he never saw. The Reconnaissance Troop of 40 Cdo. RM after a patrol on the Indonesian border in Note the Armalite rifles; and the 'belt order' made up from aircraft quick-release straps recovered from parachute drops. The tracker dogs, first used in Cyprus, proved invaluable in jungle operations.

    A team consisted of a team leader an officer or sergeant , two Iban guides, a tracker dog and handler, an infantry patrol dog and handler, a signaller and four 'cover' men. A team under Sgt. Howe of 42 Cdo. Shooting lasted until dusk, when the Marines withdrew; there were subsequent reports of enemy wounded crossing back into Indonesian territory. Typically of this kind of jungle 'hide-and-seek', long periods of exertion and surveillance would be followed by brief, savage encounters at short range. The mutiny did not materialise, and three weeks later 41 Cdo. The Marines of 45 Cdo.

    The close country, and short ranges at which 'fire-fights' took place during the so-called Confrontation, can be judged by the thickness of the bamboo and secondary growth here. In primary jungle the going could be much easier, however. RA—possibly Maiwand Bty. The original caption reads 'One into Indonesia'. For political and diplomatic reasons it was always claimed at the time of the Confrontation that British and Commonwealth operations were strictly limited to the Malaysian side of the border—an unmarked border, in thickly jungled mountains.

    In fact, the so-called 'Claret' operations took the war vigorously to the enemy. Mutineers there were awoken by the small arms fire of Z Coy.

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